Should Puzzle Video Games Count As Literature


Puzzle video games have evolved significantly over the years, transcending their initial purpose of mere entertainment. Many modern puzzle games now feature complex narratives, thought-provoking themes, and intricate storytelling elements. This begs the question: should puzzle video games be considered a form of literature?

Defining Literature

Before delving into the debate, it is important to establish what is meant by “literature.” Traditionally, literature refers to written works that possess artistic or intellectual value, such as novels, poems, and plays. However, the definition has expanded to include other forms of storytelling, including movies, graphic novels, and even video games.

The Narrative Potential of Puzzle Video Games

Puzzle video games often incorporate captivating narratives that drive players to progress through the game. The stories can be as elaborate as those found in traditional literature, featuring character development, plot twists, and thematic depth. Examples such as “Portal,” “The Witness,” and “Braid” showcase how puzzle video games can engage players in a thought-provoking manner, prompting them to reflect on philosophical questions or societal issues.

Interactivity and Immersion

Unlike traditional literature, puzzle video games offer an interactive experience that allows players to actively engage with the story. This interactivity can enhance immersion, as players become integral parts of the narrative. By solving puzzles and making choices, players directly influence the outcome of the game, resulting in a personalized and immersive experience that is unique to each player.

Artistic Expression and Design

Puzzle video games often feature stunning visual aesthetics and innovative design, showcasing the artistic expression of the creators. The intricate level design, puzzles, and soundscapes contribute to the overall atmosphere and emotional impact of the game. Just as literature can elicit emotional responses through the use of language, puzzle video games can do the same through their visual and auditory elements, further blurring the line between the two mediums.

Critics’ Perspectives

Opponents argue that puzzle video games lack the depth and intellectual complexity of traditional literature. They claim that the focus on gameplay mechanics overshadows any potential literary value. However, it is essential to recognize that literature is a diverse and evolving field, and video games can be seen as an extension of this evolution.


While the debate regarding whether puzzle video games should count as literature is ongoing, it is clear that they possess many elements of traditional literary works. Their engaging narratives, interactivity, artistic expressions, and emotional impact make them a unique form of storytelling. As the medium continues to evolve, puzzle video games have the potential to be considered a valuable addition to the literary canon.

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